An error occurred in script /hermes/bosweb25a/b507/ipw.rockphil/public_html/includes/ on line 11: mysql_connect(): The mysql extension is deprecated and will be removed in the future: use mysqli or PDO instead | Creedence Clearwater Revival





Weekend Promo

Help Keep the Rockphiles Site Going



Rockphiles Artist Profile

Creedence Clearwater Revival

As rock and roll was becoming increasingly sophisticated, progressive and psychedelic, Creedence Clearwater Revival emerged from Northern California with a resolutely retro blend of rockabilly, country and swamp pop. Though the original genres may have been unfamiliar to the younger audience, Creedence hit fast and hard. Their second album, Bayou Country, placed in Billboard's Top Ten, and two of their next five albums hit No. 1 for several weeks each. In the next four years, the band scored nine Top-10 singles, including "Proud Mary," "Bad Moon Rising," "Down on the Corner" and "Have You Ever Seen the Rain." The group was notably short-lived; acrimoniously disbanding in 1972.

Before Creedence, there were The Blue Velvets, under the leadership of singer-guitarist Tom Fogerty and including his younger brother, guitarist John; as well as bassist Stu Cook and drummer Doug "Cosmo" Clifford. Formed in the Bay Area town of El Cerrito in 1959, they were eventually signed to Fantasy, a Berkeley-based label theretofore known for its catalogue of mostly local jazz artists and comedian Lenny Bruce. Originally billed on Fantasy as The Golliwogs (someone at the label evidently thought it sounded "English"), after several unimpressive singles the band changed their name to Creedence Clearwater Revival (didn't anybody in the group's circle knew how to spell "credence"?), and younger brother John Fogerty had become their lead singer, primary songwriter and overall creative force.

Their first two charting singles, revivals of Dale Hawkins' "Suzy-Q" and Screamin' Jay Hawkins' "I Put a Spell On You," did significantly better than their first release, the original "Porterville," but 1969's "Proud Mary," a John Fogerty composition, reached No. 2, and the band seldom looked back.

The success of John Fogerty's leadership led a problem shared by many groups: other members wanted to share in the glory, and the not-inconsequential songwriting royalties. Tom's solo albums failed to connect with an audience, and Clifford and Cook were becoming restless. Following Tom's 1971 departure, the band released what was to be its final album, Mardi Gras, featuring original songs and vocals by Clifford and Cook. The album did better than people tend to remember (reaching No. 12), but the group disbanded. Fogerty, released two singles and an album as The Blue Ridge Rangers -- singing and playing all instruments -- left the label in a huff, accusing Fantasy's founder and chief, Saul Zaentz, of misappropriating his and Creedence's money. He had little more use for Clifford and Cook. Fogerty signed with Asylum Records, releasing his including "Rockin' All Over the World" and the near-standard "Almost Saturday Night"; then moved to Warner Bros. in 1984; then, some years later, DreamWorks. What could have been (and in many ways was) a bright solo career was hampered by Fogerty's lengthy times between albums; reluctance to tour; and refusal to perform old Creedence songs in concert. He enforced that rule until an evening in the late '80s when he attended a performance by Taj Mahal at the Palomino, a small club in Los Angeles. Before too long, Fogerty was onstage, along with Bob Dylan and George Harrison, who were also in the audience. As the impromptu supergroup alternated songs, Dylan goaded Fogerty into singing "Proud Mary," pointing out that people were beginning to identify the song more with Tina Turner (who had taken the song to No. 5 in 1971 and had no reluctance to perform it live) than with the man who composed, originally sang, and refused to perform, it. In 1998, Fogerty released Premonition, a virtual greatest hits compilation, recorded "live."

Fogerty continued to remain a solitary and contrary figure, rejecting his former bandmates to the point of refusing to perform with them during Creedence's 1993 Rock and Roll Hall of Fame induction. (The event's organizers indulged him: he performed with a group of studio musicians). Tom Fogerty had died of AIDS in 1990, the virus blamed on infected blood transfusions following back surgery. Clifford and Cook performed for a brief time with Doug Sahm, and for the last several years have been touring as Creedence Clearwater Revisited, a group also including vocalist John Tristao, guitarist-keyboardist Steve Gunner, and former Cars guitarist, Elliot Easton.

According to the Billboard Book of Top 40 Hits, the group had five Number Two hits, but never got to the number one spot. For those of you who are curious, here are the Top 40 hits of the band:

Suzie Q #11
Proud Mary #2
Bad Moon Rising #2
Green River #2
Commotion #30
Down on The Corner #3
Fortunate Son #14
Travelin' Band/Who'll Stop The Rain #2
Up Around The Bend #4
Lookin' Out My Backdoor #2
Have You Ever Seen The Rain #8
Sweet Hitch-Hiker #6
Someday Never Comes #25

© 2004